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Most people take eye health for granted. Unless you suffer from some kind of discomfort since an early age which forces you to become aware of the good practices to maintain vision health.
Well then, we have gathered interesting and important information for you to consider if you are aiming to enhance eye health.
Protecting your eyes from the sun is very important and should not be underestimated. An important rule is: don’t look directly at the sun.
UV radiation from the sun can damage not only the skin of your eyelid but also the cornea, lens and other parts of the eye. UV exposure also contributes to the development of certain types of cataracts, growths on the eye and possibly macular degeneration.
To protect your eyes, look for sunglasses that block 99 to 100 percent of both UVA and UVB rays, screen out 75 to 90 percent of visible light, and have lenses that are matched in color and free of distortions and imperfections.
Fatty fish are it! Tuna, salmon, mackerel, anchovies and trout are rich in DHA, a fatty acid found in your retina—low levels of which have been linked to dry eye syndrome.
Go orange. Carrots and other orange-colored fruits and vegetables promote eye health and protect vision. Beta-carotene, a type of vitamin A that gives these foods their orange color, helps the retina and other parts of the eye to function smoothly.
Eggs’ yolk is a source of lutein and zeaxanthin—plus zinc. Lutein and zeaxanthin appear to have important antioxidant functions in the body. Along with other natural antioxidants, including vitamin C, beta-carotene and vitamin E, these important pigments guard the body from the damaging effects of free radicals, which are unstable molecules that can destroy cells and play a role in many diseases.
In addition to important eye and vision benefits, lutein may help protect against atherosclerosis (buildup of fatty deposits in arteries).
It is believed that lutein, zeaxanthin and meso-zeaxanthin in the macula block blue light from reaching the underlying structures in the retina, thereby reducing the risk of light-induced oxidative damage that could lead to macular degeneration. Leafy greens are also packed with lutein and zeaxanthin.
Citrus and berries are powerhouses of vitamin C, which has been shown to reduce the risk of developing macular degeneration and cataracts. Almonds also slow macular degeneration due to their vitamin E.
Lack of exercise contributes significantly to several eye conditions, particularly amongst people aged 60 and over. Exercise may reduce the risk of sight loss from narrowing or hardening of the arteries, high blood pressure and diabetes.
Smoking and Alcohol
Taking alcohol and smoking can lead to detrimental effect on eye health.
Alcohol can cause long-term damage, such as increased cataract formation and increased risk of age-related macular degeneration.
It can also decrease vision due to vitamin deficiency. Heavy drinking affects the absorption of vitamins in the liver, vitamins needed to maintain healthy eyesight.
After ageing, smoking is the biggest risk factor for developing macular degeneration. Smoking also increases your risk of developing cataract. In case you needed another reason to quit already ;)